Question: The Temple Of Literature?

Why was the Temple of Literature built?

Tucked behind a walled compound with five separate courtyards, the Temple of Literature (Van Mieu) was built under Ly Thanh Tong’s dynasty in 1070 to honour Confucius. It became Vietnam’s Imperial Academy (Quoc Tu Giam) shortly after – a prestigious school for top academics.

Under what reign in the Ly dynasty was the Temple of Literature built?

The Temple of Literature was built in 1070 under the reign of King Ly Thanh Tong, the place of worship of Confucius, Zhou and Sichuan. In 1076 King Ly Nhan Tong founded the nearby Quoc Tu Giam, a university dedicated to the king’s children and noble families.

What can you see in the Temple of Literature?

At this ancient site visitors can see the lake of literature, the Well of Heavenly Clarity, turtle steles, pavilions, plus courtyards and passageways that were once used by royalty.

When did Vietnam reunite the whole country from north to south?

Vietnam, a one-party Communist state, has one of south-east Asia’s fastest-growing economies and has set its sights on becoming a developed nation by 2020. It became a unified country once more in 1975 when the armed forces of the Communist north seized the south.

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How many stone steles are there in the Temple of Literature?

As being one of the most important and famous Confucian relics in Vietnam, only Temple of Literature in Hanoi possesses 82 stone steles.

What is the meaning of turtle stone steles?

The steles were designed in the form of a tortoise-mounted tablet, eliciting the traditional symbol of longevity in Vietnamese culture. The steles are placed on the back of stone turtles, the symbol of the immortality of the national quintessence.

Who was the first king of Ly Dynasty?

In 1010 Ly Thai To, the first ruler of the Ly dynasty (1009–1225) of Vietnam, chose the site of Hanoi—then called Thang Long (“Rising Dragon”)—for his capital.

When was Ly dynasty founded?

The kingdom, known later as Dai Viet, was established by Ly Thai To in the Red River Delta area of present northern Vietnam. Its capital was Thang Long (Hanoi). (It is “later” with respect to the Earlier Ly dynasty, founded by Ly Bon and lasting from 544 to 602/603.)

How did the Ly dynasty end?

The Ly Dynasty began in 1009 when Ly Thái To overthrew the Prior Lê Dynasty. It ended in 1225, when the queen Ly Chiêu Hoáng (at the time 8 years old) was forced to abdicate the throne on favor of her husband, Tran Canh. How long did the Ly Dynasty last? The Ly Dynasty lasted for 216 years.

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